Every October, China celebrates the founding of the People’s Republic of China. This year marked the 69th anniversary of this event. On the mainland, “Nation’s Day” is given a seven-day celebration (referred to as Golden Week) while in Hong Kong and in Macao, the celebrations are shorter; one day and two days respectively. China’s Martyrs’ Day is closely associated with “Nation’s Day” and actually occurs one day prior to it. In total, this span of time is set aside for the Chinese people to reflect on their country’s significant achievements since the founding.
A number of different events help make Nation’s Day special. Beijing, for instance, is draped in flower decorations and festive plant sculptures. This past year, a gigantic flower basket placed in Tian’anmen Square attracted many tourists.
There is also a patriotic flag-raising ceremony at Tian’anmen Square. In 2017, 115,000 people from many Chinese provinces assembled to take part in the festivities. Sporadically, military parades may also be held. Since 1949, there have been 14 such parades. The last one was in 2009 when China celebrated its 60th anniversary.
In recent years, Golden Week has become a very common time for weddings to take place.
Gift giving is also common during this period. As in other Chinese celebrations, the Chinese custom of placing cash in red and gold envelopes continues. Very often, the gifting custom is limited to newlyweds during this celebration. Amounts may range from $45 to $75, most commonly, but in some groups, amounts are much higher, extending to hundreds or thousands of Yuan.
Many people in China’s history gave their lives to the founding of the nation. China officially recognizes as many as 1.93 million martyrs although the figure may be as much as 10-times higher than this.
Martyrs are officially defined as “people who sacrificed their lives for national independence and prosperity, as well as the welfare of the people in modern times, or after First Opium War (1840-1842).” This special day of recognition was approved by the Chinese legislature on 9/30/2014. The statement made at the time was that Martyrs’ Day is aimed at “publicizing martyrs’ achievements and spirits, and cultivating patriotism, collectivism, and socialist moralities so as to consolidate the Chinese nation’s cohesiveness.”
On Martyr’s Day, the nation also recognizes China’s socialist values which include prosperity, democracy, civility, harmony, freedom, equality, justice, the rule of law, patriotism, dedication, integrity and friendship. It’s important to understand that there is a difference between how the West defines these terms and the way they are perceived in China. The Chinese think of these as ideals to work toward instead of already accomplished realities.
In addition to Martyrs’ Day, there are two other annual, national memorial days. The others are “Victory Day of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression” on September 3 and “National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims” on December 13.
Word 4 Asia believes that understanding Chinese culture is a very important foundation for building productive relationships in China. For over twenty years, we have helped our clients achieve their goals in China by working closely with the Chinese people and their government. If your plans include a focused effort in China, we hope you’ll contact us. We’d love to share our expertise and be a part of your progress. Contact Gene@word4asia.com to start a dialogue!
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